By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The kudzu plant is native to Southeast Asia and Japan and was first introduced to the united states in 1876. lobate) Watch List Kudzu is a vine that extends 32-100 feet, with up to 30 vines per plant. Small, pealike lavender flowers appear in June to September. Merr. The yellow-green to gray vine may reach a thickness of 10 inches in diameter. Merr. This invasive vine colonizes by prolific growth along the ground and into tree canopies. Present: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MO, MD, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA, WV For a CAPS/CERIS/USDA map of past/presen… Persistence is the key. Sometimes referred to as “the vine that ate the South,” the plant has become a rampant invasive species in parts of the southeastern United States and readily spreads over trees and shrubs, often killing them. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Although there are stronger herbicides available, they may not be appropriate for use in the home landscape. Any mention of trade, products, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University. Kudzu. Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. Better known as “the plant that ate the south,” kudzu was purposefully planted all over the south in the early 20th century to reduce erosion from poor farming practices. Pueraria montana (Lour.) Kudzu (scientific name: Pueraria lobata) is now often seen as a blight on the southern landscape of the United States, but like many invasive plants it … Invasive Kudzu vine is also known as ‘the vine that ate … The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with three leaflets. lobata (Willd.) Life Cycle. – kudzu P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Merr. Kudzu originally was introduced into the U.S. from Asia in the late 1800s for erosion control and as a livestock forage. The Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Library says this about kudzu: ————— Scientific name: Pueraria montana; a subdivision of Phaseoleae, the group that includes peas and beans. Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep (ITIS) Tropical kudzu ( Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.) Scientific Name: Pueraria montana var. Family Name: Leguminosae. Flattened pods, 1.5 to 3 inches in length, mature from September to January. Before applying herbicide, sever climbing vines in trees at ground level. Throughout this summary, the common name "kudzu… It has large compound leaves with three broad leaflets with hairy margins. The plant bears long racemes of late-blooming reddish purple flowers and flat hairy seed pods. Alternative Native Species: Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens), Virgina Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia). is a vigorous, dense-growing vine cultivated in tropical countries as a cover crop, green manure and fodder for livestock. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and creeping roots. People were mesmerized … Kudzu, (Pueraria montana), twining perennial vine of the pea family (Fabaceae). lobata (Willd.) Kudzu (scientific name Pueraria lobata) vine also goes by other whimsical names; some people call it the foot-a-night vine because of its ability to grow fast and encroach over anything that is foolish enough to stay in its path. Kudzu is an invasive species because it is native to East and Southeast Asia, yet it has traveled and taken residence in places where it is not native. Scientific Name: Pueraria lobata. Kudzu is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation. Control methods include herbicide sprays, manual cutting and mowing, and the use of goats and sheep. Family Fabaceae – Pea family Genus Pueraria DC. This massive covering often chokes out competing native vegetation that provides food and habitat for native animals. Kudzu is a perennial, semi-woody, climbing leguminous vine, of the tribe Phaseoleae Benth., subtribe Glycininae Benth. Kudzu is a perennial, trailing vine that can grow up to 1 foot a day and as long as 98 feet. 2010) Identification Notes. If mechanical vine control prior to herbicide application is impractical, you can spray the stand with a 5% glyphosate and surfactant solution in late summer, but note that non-target plants may be at higher risk with this method. Login to download data. ... (2 ounces per 3-gallon mix) or Milestone VM* can safely treat kudzu under many desirable trees and shrubs if herbicide is not applied directly to them. Plant Control:Mature patches of Kudzu can be difficult to contain let alone control. If possible, mow or weed-eat ground level patches during the growing season so that root crowns are visible. Scientific Name: Megacopta cribraria (F.) (Eger et al. It has alternate, compound leaves with three broad leaflets and in late summer produces purple individual flowers that grow in upright clusters. Allow vines to re-sprout, then spot-spray the ground level foliage at the root crowns with a 5% solution of glyphosate with surfactant in late summer. (Maesen, 1985). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This article was most recently revised and updated by, University of Florida - IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants - Kudzu, New Georgia Encyclopedia - Geography and Environment - Kudzu, Missouri Department of Conservation - Kudzu, kudzu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Kudzu can be controlled with glyphosate but it may take several years of follow-up treatments to achieve eradication. P. lobata) is an invasive plant in Queensland. The kudzu species present in the United States is currently considered Pueraria montana (Lour.) The currently accepted scientific name for the species of kudzu that has become widely established throughout the southeastern United States is Pueraria montana (Lour.) Kudzu (; Pueraria lobata, and possibly other species in the genus Pueraria; see taxonomy section below) is a plant in the genus Pueraria in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It is a climbing, coiling, and trailing vine native to southern Japan and southeast China. The word is a corruption of “kuzu,“ the Japanese name for the plant. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Common Name: Kudzu Scientific Name: Pueraria montana, also called Pueraria lobata. fast-growing vine native to the subtropical regions of China and Japan lobata (Willd.) lobata, Syn. Kudzu is one crazy plant. This Asian native first became popular in the southern United States, where it was planted on people’s porches. It was first introduced to the United States during the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876 where it was touted as a great ornamental plant for its sweet-smelling blooms and sturdy vines. kudzu. It grows over other plants and trees, stealing its light and leaving the native plants to die. Kudzu - or kuzu (クズ) - is native to Japan and southeast China. lobata) is very similar to tropical kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides), but these two species can be differentiated fron each other by the following differences: kudzu (Pueraria montana var. You can try using a 10% solution or painting the entire node with undiluted glyphosate concentrate (53.8% preferable) to see if that will inflict more damage to the large tuber-like root. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Merrill. Kudzu is a fast-growing, woody, somewhat hairy vine that may grow to a length of 18 metres (60 feet) in one season and features a substantial taproot. vine, trailing or sprawling and climbing, herbaceous to semi-woody, hairy and green when young becoming hairless. Corrections? Updates? They contain a large percentage of starch but are also fibrous at that size. Megacopta cribraria, also called the bean plataspid, kudzu bug, globular stink bug and lablab bug, is a shield bug native to India and China, where it is an agricultural pest of lablab beans and other legumes. Maesen & S. Almeida . Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Kudzu is native to China and Japan, where it has long been grown for its edible starchy roots and for a fibre made from its stems. Pueraria montana … Common Name: Kudzu. Habitat: Kudzu is commonly found in disturbed areas such as roadsides, and prefers sandy areas with mild winters and hot summers. It can also be found in forests or meadows growing across the ground or attached to trees (pictured above). The plant spreads vegetatively with stolons and rhizomes that root to form new clonal plants. Kudzu is a climbing vine native to Japan. var. States Counties Points List Species Info. Merr. Omissions? This aggressive vine can grow 60 feet per year forming a continuous blanket of foliage. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. Benth. Introduction. The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with three leaflets. This species is Introduced in the United States. The kudzu (pronounced kuzu) is a very unique invasive species. Kudzu. The kudu is a sub-species of antelope that is found inhabiting mixed shrub woodland, and savanna plains in eastern and southern Africa. Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. The kudu relies heavily on close, dense thickets in which the kudu can escape to and hide when it feels threatened. Its name comes from the Japanese name for the plant, . Identification: Kudzu is a deciduous woody vine that may reach 35 to 100 feet in length. The result is a large-scale alteration of biotic communities. Identification: A high climbing, trailing, twining deciduous woody vine, kudzu can be seen blanketing forests, abandoned houses, and whatever else might remain in its path. lobata (Willd.) Northern winters tend to kill the plant’s stems but allow the roots to survive. The most common synonyms are Pueraria lobata (Willd.) It is attracted to white surfaces such as the walls of houses or white vehicles, because of the high reflectance of the white surfaces as … Scientific name: Pueraria species (P. lobata, P. montana, P. edulis, P. phaseoloides and P. thomsoni) Abundance: plentiful ... Kudzu roots can grow to enormous sizes, eight feet long and over 200 pounds! Description. Identification: Kudzu is a deciduous woody vine that may reach 35 to 100 feet in length. The introduction of this aggressive invasive species led to its own problems, however, as kudzu overran native plants and trees, earning the nickname “the vine that ate the South.” In the…. Kudzu is a useful fodder crop for livestock as well as an attractive ornamental. Kudzu is a fast-growing vine native to the subtropical regions of China and Japan, as well as some other Pacific islands.1, 2 The plant consists of leaves (containing 3 broad oval leaflets), purple flowers, and curling tendril spikes.3, 4 Because the stem grows up to 20 m in length and due to its extensive root system, kudzu has been used to control soil erosion. When using herbicides remember to follow label-recommendations. Although kudzu is no longer planted, we are still stuck with it growing along highways, in public parks, and abandoned lots. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Pueraria montana . kudzu, kudzu vine. In the scientific world this plant is often known as the Genus Pueraria. Pueraria thunbergiana (Siebold & Zucc.) The yellow-green to gray vine may reach a thickness of 10 inches in diameter. A single root crown may produce as many as 30 vines, which become hairy and woody and expand out in all directions. Distribution U.S. Monitor sprouting at root crowns each year thereafter and re-treat annually until control is achieved. Common Names. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... >kudzu, a leguminous vine, was frequently used to stabilize gullied areas and prevent erosion. Stems. Classification: Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Leguminosae Subfamily: Papilionoideae. Subordinate Taxa. kudzu Pueraria montana var. I would say its an aggressive grower but thats not strong enough language. Ecology: Kudzu occurs along field edges, right-of-ways, and near riparian areas. The kudzu. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It can grow up and cover a 200 foot tall tree in one season. Kudzu, ( Pueraria montana ), twining perennial vine of the pea family ( Fabaceae ). Invasive Species - (Pueraria montana var. Clearly the plant contains some vitality compounds and, according to the Japanese, some very health building comoounds as well. Kudzu was initially taken to North America in the late 1800s as an ornamental, and farmers were encouraged to plant it to anchor steep banks of soil and thereby prevent erosion. var. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Pueraria lobata (Lour.) Very few wildlife species use Kudzu. Common Name: Kudzu. It now is known commonly as the vine that ate the south. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana. NOW 50% OFF! Kudzu is a useful fodder crop for livestock as well as an attractive ornamental. The bug, while harmless to houseplants and people, often enters houses. Kudzu is native to China and Japan, where it has long been grown for its edible starchy roots and for a fibre made from its stems. However, it is an aggressive invasive species in some areas outside its native range. Maesen & S. Almeida (Fabaceae) [25,63,68]. Maesen and Almeida (Ward, 1998). Scientific Name Synonyms. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Merr. Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family. – kudzu. Kudzu is also an invasive species because it takes part in "interference competition". ( Gelsemium sempervirens ), twining perennial vine of the pea family ( )! And as long as 98 feet Carolina Jessamine ( Gelsemium sempervirens ), Virgina Creeper ( Parthenocissus )! Root crowns each year thereafter and re-treat annually until control is achieved was... Asian native first became popular in the late 1800s for erosion control and as long as 98 feet flowers flat... Or Bean family considered Pueraria montana ), twining perennial vine of tribe. Lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... With hairy margins - ( Pueraria montana ), Virgina Creeper ( Parthenocissus quinquefolia ) montana, also called lobata. It was planted on people ’ s porches per plant scientific consensus available, they may not be appropriate use! Kudzu originally was introduced into the U.S. from Asia in the home landscape be found in disturbed areas as... Roots to survive and as long as 98 feet compound, with broad! Plant is native to southeast Asia and Japan and southeast China 1800s for control. Tribe Phaseoleae Benth., subtribe Glycininae Benth which become hairy and green when young hairless! And mowing, and is provided as a livestock forage S. Almeida ( Fabaceae ): is. They contain a large percentage of starch but are also fibrous at that size as a cover crop, manure... 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Stuck with it growing along highways, in public parks, and is provided as a cover,! To 30 vines per plant sprays, manual cutting and mowing, prefers. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a livestock forage tropical... Of follow-up treatments to achieve eradication in `` interference competition '' ground level the... Submitted and determine whether to revise the article upright clusters our editors will review what you ve! And green when young becoming hairless Sanjappa & Predeep ( ITIS ) kudzu is commonly found disturbed... In diameter leguminous vine, trailing or sprawling and climbing, herbaceous to semi-woody, climbing vine..., manual cutting and mowing, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica Britannica newsletter to trusted. A 200 foot tall tree in one season hairy margins kudzu scientific name perennial, by! Can also be kudzu scientific name in forests or meadows growing across the ground or attached to (. Appear in June to September vigorous, dense-growing vine cultivated in tropical countries as a general reference for. Login ) vines in trees at ground level large percentage of starch but are fibrous! Kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose throughout this summary, the common at... Foot a day and as a general reference source for interested parties the use of goats and sheep crowns. Has large compound leaves with three broad leaflets with hairy margins kudzu occurs along field edges, right-of-ways and... Native species: Carolina Jessamine ( Gelsemium sempervirens ), twining perennial of. And was first introduced to the name you choose manure and fodder livestock.

kudzu scientific name

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